Recently, the Brazilian government decided to impose an anti-dumping duty on Chinese truck tires again, which has aroused strong concern from domestic tire companies. Some industry insiders have found that more and more developing countries are joining the anti-dumping ranks of China's export tires.
The reporter learned from relevant institutions that in recent years, in addition to the increasing anti-dumping and anti-subsidy cases against Chinese tires in developed countries, the anti-dumping investigations on Chinese tires from Asia, Africa and other countries have also shown an upward trend. .
The anti-dumping arbitrariness of developing countries is strong. According to Zhang Ye, a lawyer of Beijing Kangda Law Firm, as Chinaâ€™s tire export volume increases, more and more exporting countries, countries that adopt â€œdouble-reverseâ€ measures on Chinese tires are not only limited. In developed countries in Europe and America, more and more "Asia, Africa and Latin America" â€‹â€‹countries have joined the ranks. In the past two years, the number of countries and cases involving anti-dumping investigations on Chinese tires has risen steadily, and the types of tire products are also expanding.
According to statistics from the reporters, from 2011 to 2014, China has suffered from more than 20 â€œdouble-reverseâ€ investigations from other countries, including 14 anti-dumping investigations from developing countries such as Asia and South America, reaching 70%. Around the time, there are only seven accusations from Brazil and India.
Relevant person analysis believes that the anti-dumping characteristics of Asian and African countries against Chinese tires are: they have greater subjectivity when confirming the existence of dumping and determining the dumping margin, lacking the necessary transparency, and arguing whether low-priced dumping constitutes a domestic industry. At the conclusion of the damage, the government has a lot of discretion.
This feature is very evident in the export of Chinese tires. When these countries determine whether Chinese tire companies have dumping, they do not really start from the constituent elements of dumping. As long as there is an allegation of dumping by a certain enterprise in the country, they believe that there is indeed dumping and immediately take appropriate investigation measures.
It is reported that, unlike European and American countries, the amount of anti-dumping duties from developing countries is very large, ranging from 10% to several hundred percent. This reflects the fact that the anti-dumping tax rate imposed on Chinese tire export products is usually very high.
This is because some countries regard China as a â€œnon-market economy countryâ€. When calculating the anti-dumping tax rate, the â€œsubstitute countryâ€ price is used as the basis for determining the normal value of the export product. The selection criteria of â€œsubstitute countriesâ€ are relatively vague and arbitrary, leading to serious discrimination on the issue of surrogate countries such as Chinese tires.
The government has responded better. â€œThe Asian, African and Latin American countries have become the mainstay of anti-dumping measures against Chinese tires.â€ At the 2015 China Rubber Annual Conference held recently, Zhang Ye warned the tire companies in the keynote speech.
Tire World Network was informed that this situation is directly related to the increasing export volume of Chinese tires. According to the statistics of the China Rubber Industry Association in 2014, the country exported 181 million tires, a year-on-year increase of 22.6. Export tires accounted for 44.9% of the total tire production.
What is not commensurate with this is that the trend of China's tire export volume rising and falling is becoming more and more obvious. The relevant data obtained by Tire World Network shows that the added value and profit of domestic tire exports are relatively low. Last year, the average price of export car tires decreased by 8.2% compared with the previous year, and the average price of truck tires decreased by 11.4%. Relevant person analysis believes that if China's tire exports develop in this trend, it is easy to attract anti-dumping investigations from other countries.
It is understood that trade remedy measures for Chinese tire products in other countries are showing a tendency to expand and complicate: from a single means to a composite means; the variety of tire products involved is not much expanded; the same category of tire products are more The number of cases investigated in a country is increasing.
According to relevant sources, the rapid growth of China's tire products in foreign trade is good, but the export market is too concentrated and the price is low, which can easily lead other countries to adopt trade remedy measures to protect their industries. Take Dongying City, Shandong Province as an example. The value of rubber tires exported to ASEAN in 2014 reached US$173.4 million, accounting for 34.69% of the local exports of ASEAN products.
To this end, the relevant person suggested that in the face of repeated anti-dumping investigations by Chinese developing countries on Chinese tires, in addition to urging exporting enterprises to accumulate international marketing experience and standardizing their non-price wars in terms of competition, the government should also be active. Take countermeasures to take the initiative, and learn from the mature mechanism of developed countries in anti-dumping, and use international trade "leverage" and counter-measures to obtain greater benefits for domestic enterprises. The facts of various countries prove that the government will be more effective in responding to anti-dumping.
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